Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial growth. This bacteria breaks down the periodontal lining of the gum and as the disease progresses, bacteria will begin to break down the supporting tooth structure which surrounds the teeth. One of the most effective ways to kill bacteria is to introduce antibiotics. These antibiotics may be prescribed orally, in pill form, or may be applied locally directly to the areas of the mouth that are periodontally infected.
Over the past several years, direct application of antibiotic into the periodontal pocket has proven to be very effective in halting the disease process if done in combination with other periodontal procedures.
Systemic antibiotics can be prescribed at a low dose for long term periodontal use, or as a short term medication to treat acute periodontal infections.
Arestin®: This antibiotic, which is delivered right into the gingival sulcus (pocket within the gum) has proven very effective in slowing the disease process and inhibiting bacterial growth.