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Gum disease has two stages. The first stage is gingivitis and the second stage is periodontitis. This disease is very serious and dangerous, and it should never be ignored. It can involve red, swollen and tender gums that bleed often as well as receded gums, the formation of gum pockets, loose teeth and lost teeth.

To help you know more about gum disease in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, our periodontist, Dr. Ali M Arastu, is happy to share the details involved in the causes and treatments of gum disease.

Causes

The culprit of gum disease is plaque. Plaque is a white, sticky film that clings to your teeth and along the gumline. This plaque attacks the gums and severely irritates them. If the plaque is left to stay, it turns into tartar. The tartar then makes the gums pull away from the teeth and then spreads to the underlying bone. At this point, it begins deteriorating the bone and compromising the teeth.

Treatments

For the early stage of gum disease (which is also known as gingivitis), a professional dental cleaning should treat the issue. For the later stage (which is also known as periodontitis), scaling and root planing, laser therapy, bone grafts, gum grafts and other treatments might be necessary to restore your oral health.

For more information and details about gum disease, please remember that our dental team is always here to help. All you need to do is contact Periodontal Consultants at 215-463-6677 and we will be happy to give you the answers and help you need. We look forward to talking with you!